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Grazie a un team internazionale di oltre 80 professionisti e 5 sedi, lavoriamo fianco a fianco con i nostri clienti, non solo su questioni di particolare rilevanza ma anche sulle loro necessità operative quotidiane.

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Esperienza in Loco

La lunga esperienza nella Repubblica Popolare Cinese e a Hong Kong ci ha permesso di acquisire le competenze ed instaurare le relazioni necessarie per affrontare al meglio le complessità operative legate agli affari in entrambi i territori.

Soluzioni Flessibili in un Ambiente Dinamico

In un continente esteso e complesso come quello asiatico, la struttura organizzazionale di Orcom C&A permette ai propri professionisti di fornire servizi di assistenza in ambiti e aree geografiche differenti.

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News

The Hainan Free Trade Port Law

The Hainan Free Trade Port Law

On June 10th, 2021, the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress adopted the Hainan Free Trade Port Law, effective immediately.

The law stipulates that Hainan will establish a free trade port policy and institutional system. The Chinese authorities’ goal is to achieve the liberalization of trade, investment, cross‑border capital flows, and safe flow of data.

One year before, Chinese authorities had already released the plan for the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port. This new Law will lay a solid legal foundation for the construction operations, ensuring Hainan's opening-up and development is based on the rule of law.

Below are some key highlights of the new Law.

1.     Freedom and facilitation of trade.

The authorities will establish a special regional system for customs supervision of the Hainan Free Trade Port, which will operate the island-wide customs clearance and operation. Goods and articles (except for those listed as restricted import) can enter and exit freely between overseas and the Hainan FTP, and the customs shall supervise them.

The Hainan FTP will also implement a negative list management system for cross-border service trade and a matching fund payment and transfer system.

2.     Investment freedom

The Hainan Free Trade Port will liberalize investment access, except for areas that involve national security, social stability, ecological protection red lines, major public interests, and other areas where countries implement access management.

Hainan had already rolled out a negative list, effective from February 1st 2021. For more information on Hainan’s negative list, you can read our previous commentary here.

3.     Taxation

The Law is encouraging Hainan Province to issue local government bonds to support the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port project.

After year 2025 (when the system for custom supervision will be fully operative), goods imported from overseas will be exempt from import duties. Before that date, only certain qualifying imported goods will be exempted from import duties, VAT and consumption taxes.

For goods entering the Hainan Free Trade Port from the Mainland, the collected value-added and consumption tax will be refunded in accordance with the relevant regulations.

Preferential corporate and individual income tax will also be applied to eligible enterprises and individuals registered as residents in the Hainan Free Trade Port.

4.     Environmental protection

The new Law puts a strong emphasis on the protection of the natural environment. The Hainan FTP implements a lifelong accountability system for damage to the ecological environment. The responsible persons that cause serious damage to the ecological environment will be strictly held accountable.

5.     Talent support

With the goal of attracting international talent, the Hainan FTP will implement a more open policy for residence permits, simplifying the working visa application policies. Restrictions on foreign personnel taking vocational qualification examinations will also be relaxed, and a one-way recognition list system for qualified foreign professional qualifications will be implemented.

Contact our team for more information on the Hainan FTP Law and incentives for foreign investors.

Set 14,2021
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On June 10th, 2021, the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress adopted the Hainan Free Trade Port Law, effective immediately.

The law stipulates that Hainan will establish a free trade port policy and institutional system. The Chinese authorities’ goal is to achieve the liberalization of trade, investment, cross‑border capital...

The Hong Kong IRD to implement e-filing procedures for tax returns

The Hong Kong IRD to implement e-filing procedures for tax returns

The Hong Kong Inland Revenue Department (Amendment) (Miscellaneous Provisions) Bill was gazetted on March 19st, 2021. The Bill announced that the IRD intends to revise the statutory framework for furnishing tax returns, making it easier for corporations and partnerships to electronically file their Profits Tax Returns for any year of assessment from 2015/16 to 2020/21 and attach supplementary forms to Profits Tax Return S1, S2, S3 and S4.

The IRD is undertaking this project to enable more businesses to file their PTRs electronically, and as part of a wider plan to upgrade its IT infrastructure and optimize services to taxpayers in the following years.

The Bill is setting out a framework for e-filing, including roles and responsibilities, as well as liabilities of different parties. One of the expected improvements the Bill will bring to taxpayers is the streamlining of tax filing procedures, especially for SMEs.

While there are still some uncertainties regarding the implementation, this Bill shows that the IRD is taking serious steps in modernizing its IT infrastructure and enhancing the efficiency of the tax administration.  

Contact our Hong Kong team for further assistance on tax-related issues.

Set 14,2021
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168085

The Hong Kong Inland Revenue Department (Amendment) (Miscellaneous Provisions) Bill was gazetted on March 19st, 2021. The Bill announced that the IRD intends to revise the statutory framework for furnishing tax returns, making it easier for corporations and partnerships to electronically file their Profits Tax Returns for any year of assessment from 2015/16 to 2020/21 and attach supplementary forms to Profits Tax Return S1, S2, S3 and S4.

The IRD is undertaking this...

China's Data Security Law

China's Data Security Law

Data is considered a fundamental resource in China and data security has become a major issue related to national, economic, and social development. Aiming to protect national interests, the new Data Security Law was passed by Chinese authorities in June 2021, coming into force on September 1st, 2021.

The purpose of the Law is to regulate a wide range of issues related to data activities. These issues include the collection, storage, use, exchange, and publication of any kind of data.

Below are some highlights of the Law.

  1. Extraterritorial effect and cross-border data transfer requirements

The Data Security Law has broadened the extraterritorial jurisdiction previously provided by the Network Security Law, applying to data activities conducted both in the PRC and abroad.

According to the Cybersecurity Law, data collected and generated by critical information infrastructure operators are bound to be stored within the territory of China. With the Data Security Law, whenever such data needs to be transferred overseas, a security assessment should be performed first.

Moreover, the DSL stipulates that any provision of data stored in the PRC that is made in response to a request by any foreign judicial body or law enforcement authority will be subject to the prior approval of the competent authority.  Entities or individuals failing to comply could be fined up to RMB 5 million for enterprise and RMB 500,000 for an individual.

  1. Compliance obligations and data management systems

The Law imposes the following obligations on entities and individuals carrying out data activities:

  • Establish a data security management system, carry out security training, and implement necessary security measures;
  • Strengthen risk monitoring procedures and notify users and authorities of security incidents;
  • Regularly conduct risk assessments of the data activities for processors of important data, and report results to related authorities.

According to Article 21, authorities will establish a categorical and hierarchical system for data protection which will be based on the importance of the data in economic and social development as well as the extent of harm to public security and interest. 

Data related to national security, economy, and major public interests are considered core state data. For this kind of data, a stricter management system will be implemented.

Each region and department shall determine the catalog of important data based on the categoric and hierarchical protection system.

  1. Compliance for data intermediary service providers

The new Law has clarified some requirements on data trading procedures for intermediary platforms such as Tianyancha, Qichacha, Tianyuan Data, etc. Intermediary service providers shall be required to explain the data's source, shall review and verify the identities of both parties to the transactions, and store records of the verifications and transactions.

  1. Penalties

For entities and individuals failing to comply with the Law, the penalties imposed could be severe. Corporates could be fined up to RMB 10 million and face potential criminal penalties, while individuals directly responsible could be fined for up to RMB 1 million and face potential criminal penalties. It is therefore essential for companies and individuals to start making necessary changes to remain complaint.

Key takeaways

While the new Law is strengthening data protection in China, this is still a general outline for data security procedures and more specific laws are expected to follow and clarify further requirements.

It is however worth noting how conducting regular cybersecurity audits and implementing the appropriate data risk management systems for companies and individuals in China will become increasingly important.

Orcom C&A will keep you promptly updated on the developments related to the Data Security Law. In the meantime, please contact our legal department for any questions related to this topic. 

Data is considered a...

Shanghai policy update: social security contribution for foreigners

Shanghai policy update: social security contribution for foreigners

From August 15th, 2021 all foreigners residing and working in Shanghai will be required to pay social security contributions on a mandatory basis. This update follows the expiry date of the local Notice of Shanghai Municipal Human Resources and Social Security Bureau (Hu ren she yang fa [2009] No.38, the Notice), which had provided preferential treatment to foreign residents in Shanghai until August 15th.

China’s social security system consists of five different types of insurance (pension, medical, unemployment, work-related injury, and maternity) and a housing fund scheme. The National Social Security Law has required Chinese companies and their employees to pay contributions to the Chinese social security system since October 15th, 2011. However, foreigners and residents from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan working in Shanghai (and their employers) have been following the above-mentioned Shanghai circular which stated that they could make contributions voluntarily. Often, employers would opt to not make any social security contributions. For this reason, after the expiry date of the circular, employers and employees should expect to see an increase in costs.

The latest social contribution rates in Shanghai are as follows:

 

Cap for base

(RMB)

Employer

Employee

Pension

31,014

16%

8%

Medical (inclusive of maternity)

31,014

10.5%

2%

Unemployment

31,014

0.5%

0.5%

Work-related injury

31,014

0.16% to 1.52%

n/a

Total

31,014

27.16% to 28.52%

10.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Generally, the contribution base is capped at 300 percent of the average local salary which is RMB 31,014 for Shanghai province in 2021.

China has already signed and started implementing social security agreements with 11 countries - Germany, South Korea, Denmark, Canada, Finland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain, Luxembourg, Japan, and Serbia. Citizens of these countries currently working in China are eligible for social security contribution exemptions.

Foreigners who leave China before reaching the retirement age can submit a written application to terminate the social insurance individual account. The amount remaining in the individual account can be paid in a lump sum to the employee.

While there is still some uncertainty regarding this policy update and its consequences on foreign residents in Shanghai and their employers, the expiry of the local circular is expected to affect labors costs, IIT liability and employees’ salaries. The compliance management on the employer’s side is also likely to be affected.

Contact our Shanghai team for assistance with tax planning and compliance.

From August 15th,...

The Hainan Free Trade Port Law

The Hainan Free Trade Port Law

On June 10th, 2021, the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress adopted the Hainan Free Trade Port Law, effective immediately.

The law stipulates that Hainan will establish a free trade port policy and institutional system. The Chinese authorities’ goal is to achieve the liberalization of trade, investment, cross‑border capital flows, and safe flow of data.

One year before, Chinese authorities had already released the plan for the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port. This new Law will lay a solid legal foundation for the construction operations, ensuring Hainan's opening-up and development is based on the rule of law.

Below are some key highlights of the new Law.

1.     Freedom and facilitation of trade.

The authorities will establish a special regional system for customs supervision of the Hainan Free Trade Port, which will operate the island-wide customs clearance and operation. Goods and articles (except for those listed as restricted import) can enter and exit freely between overseas and the Hainan FTP, and the customs shall supervise them.

The Hainan FTP will also implement a negative list management system for cross-border service trade and a matching fund payment and transfer system.

2.     Investment freedom

The Hainan Free Trade Port will liberalize investment access, except for areas that involve national security, social stability, ecological protection red lines, major public interests, and other areas where countries implement access management.

Hainan had already rolled out a negative list, effective from February 1st 2021. For more information on Hainan’s negative list, you can read our previous commentary here.

3.     Taxation

The Law is encouraging Hainan Province to issue local government bonds to support the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port project.

After year 2025 (when the system for custom supervision will be fully operative), goods imported from overseas will be exempt from import duties. Before that date, only certain qualifying imported goods will be exempted from import duties, VAT and consumption taxes.

For goods entering the Hainan Free Trade Port from the Mainland, the collected value-added and consumption tax will be refunded in accordance with the relevant regulations.

Preferential corporate and individual income tax will also be applied to eligible enterprises and individuals registered as residents in the Hainan Free Trade Port.

4.     Environmental protection

The new Law puts a strong emphasis on the protection of the natural environment. The Hainan FTP implements a lifelong accountability system for damage to the ecological environment. The responsible persons that cause serious damage to the ecological environment will be strictly held accountable.

5.     Talent support

With the goal of attracting international talent, the Hainan FTP will implement a more open policy for residence permits, simplifying the working visa application policies. Restrictions on foreign personnel taking vocational qualification examinations will also be relaxed, and a one-way recognition list system for qualified foreign professional qualifications will be implemented.

Contact our team for more information on the Hainan FTP Law and incentives for foreign investors.

On...

The Hong Kong IRD to implement e-filing procedures for tax returns

The Hong Kong IRD to implement e-filing procedures for tax returns

The Hong Kong Inland Revenue Department (Amendment) (Miscellaneous Provisions) Bill was gazetted on March 19st, 2021. The Bill announced that the IRD intends to revise the statutory framework for furnishing tax returns, making it easier for corporations and partnerships to electronically file their Profits Tax Returns for any year of assessment from 2015/16 to 2020/21 and attach supplementary forms to Profits Tax Return S1, S2, S3 and S4.

The IRD is undertaking this project to enable more businesses to file their PTRs electronically, and as part of a wider plan to upgrade its IT infrastructure and optimize services to taxpayers in the following years.

The Bill is setting out a framework for e-filing, including roles and responsibilities, as well as liabilities of different parties. One of the expected improvements the Bill will bring to taxpayers is the streamlining of tax filing procedures, especially for SMEs.

While there are still some uncertainties regarding the implementation, this Bill shows that the IRD is taking serious steps in modernizing its IT infrastructure and enhancing the efficiency of the tax administration.  

Contact our Hong Kong team for further assistance on tax-related issues.

The Hong Kong Inland Revenue...

why choose us

La lunga presenza in Cina e a Hong Kong ha permesso a Orcom C&A di acquisire le competenze ed instaurare le relazioni necessarie per affrontare le complessità operative locali. Questi punti di forza, abbinati all’esperienza internazionale, consentono a Orcom C&A di fungere da tramite per le società estere operanti nella Repubblica Popolare Cinese e a Hong Kong. I nostri clienti sono multinazionali, piccole-medie imprese e persone fisiche che hanno scelto Orcom C&A per una vasta gamma di servizi basati su...

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Dicono di Noi

Negli ultimi quatri anni abbiamo lavorato con Orcom C&A Pechino e abbiamo apprezzato il supporto professionale in termini di flessibilità, puntualità e competenza, sia nella programmazione di lungo periodo, che nelle questioni di carattere giornaliero. È stato molto importante per noi collaborare con un consulente in grado di offrire supporto a livello locale e di comunicare con la nostra sede centrale in Italia.

Fabrizio Finocchiaro, Direttore Generale di Vodafone Automotive

Orcom C&A offre un supporto di valore aggiunto al nostro management e questo è indispensabile in un ambiente così complesso, dinamico e in crescita come la Cina. Il fatto che Orcom C&A si prenda cura dei nostri interessi in ambito fiscale e contabile ci permette di focalizzarci maggiormente sugli aspetti commerciali e creativi.

Sergio Spadone, Amministratore Delegato di DEBAO

Durante la costituzione di NeoXam in Cina abbiamo sentito il bisogno di un partner legale, contabile e amministrativo che ci guidasse, consigliasse e riassicurasse non solo nelle fasi iniziali di costituzione ma, successivamente, anche su base giornaliera. Avere a disposizione un partner in grado di comunicare in francese con la nostra sede centrale, in cinese con il management in loco ed in inglese, rappresenta sicuramente un valore aggiunto. Collaboriamo con Marco D’Amore e Orcom C&A già da due anni: siamo decisamente soddisfatti e intendiamo continuare ad affidarci alla loro competenza come supporto nel corso del nostro sviluppo in Asia.

Axel Jacquet, Direttore Operativo di NeoXam China

La nostra società si affida alla consulenza di Orcom C&A dal 2005, le loro caratteristiche sono elevata professionalità, puntualità, cortesia e gentilezza, che aiutano nel costruire una perfetta e duratura collaborazione con i clienti nel difficile mercato cinese.

Massimiliano de Giovanni, Direttore Generale di Carpisa

Negli ultimi anni abbiamo lavorato con Orcom C&A su diverse questioni di governance, ristrutturazione aziendale e su aspetti legali legati alle nostre filiali in Cina e a Hong Kong, e ne siamo soddisfatti.

Maurizio Parodi, CFO di Tenova

Negli ultimi quattro anni Orcom C&A è stato per noi un partner importante nel problem solving: con grande professionalità e riscontri immediati ci hanno assistito nel risolvere questioni finanziarie e di due diligence.

Paolo Daneu, Amministratore Delegato di Seves Group - Cina

Il team ORCOM C&A è stato estremamente professionale e disponibile nell'assistere Dormeuil durante la nostra espansione in Cina. Comprendono il mercato e riescono sempre a trovare soluzioni in un sistema complesso.

Dominic Dormeuil, Presidente e Fondatore di Dormeuil

Lavorare sul mercato cinese è sempre fonte di notevoli preoccupazioni, per chi non è avvezzo alle sue peculiarità culturali e relazionali, e non ne conosce l’intricato reticolo normativo e legislativo. ORCOM C&A è per noi un partner fondamentale per affrontare queste sfide col giusto grado di serenità, grazie al loro supporto e alla loro presenza altamente qualificata in loco

Dino Pace, CEO di Nichebox

Orcom C&A è il nostro partner di fiducia in Cina e a Hong Kong. È sempre un piacere lavorare con questo team. Sono reattivi, orientati ai risultati e professionali. Li consiglio vivamente!

Giorgio Brandinelli, CEO di GFA - Gourmet Food Art

Orcom C&A lavora con noi da molti anni e le loro consulenze e competenze sono state fondamentali per noi nella costruzione della nostro business in Cina. Con la loro guida, abbiamo ottenuto un risultato positivo con un livello minimo di stress. Inoltre, i loro modi amichevoli ma professionali hanno reso un grande piacere collaborare con loro.

Andrea Filippi, Direttore Amministrazione Finanza e Controllo di ACS

Orcom C&A assiste De Fonseca da più di 10 anni. La qualità e la reattività del loro supporto ne fanno il nostro partner di fiducia e una risorsa preziosa quando si opera nell'ambiente imprenditoriale cinese.

Marco Fasciolo, Direttore Amministrazione Finanza e Controllo di De Fonseca

Siamo grati a Orcon C&A per il supporto e l'eccellente servizio fornito alle nostre aziende in Cina e Hong Kong. Ci hanno aiutato a navigare le complessità del mercato cinese, tenendo sempre a cuore il nostro interesse.

Emmanuel Dean , CEO e Fondatore di Boomi

Siamo lieti di raccomandare Orcom C&A. Ci hanno aiutato nella costituzione della nostra branch e nello sviluppo del progetto a Hong Kong, fornendo assistenza e supporto eccellenti. Il loro team è sempre cordiale e disponibile, ed è stato un vero piacere collaborare con loro! 

Federico Modica, Hong Kong Branch Manager di Leonardo